Historically, manufacturers have used a ‘waterfall’ approach when designing and building their production facilities, sequentially resolving and specifying all aspects up front and in detail for each project, over and over again. These projects can take up to five years before reaching full operation and have an obsolescence risk because technology and solutions have often moved on by the time the project is completed. Even an agile project can take significant time to complete due to the number of inherent iterative design loops. These traditional projects can be expensive to build and modify, and may be inflexible if they have to change to accommodate new products. A new approach and mindset are needed to change the way that manufacturing facilities are designed and constructed.