Hybrid Modeling for Simultaneous Prediction of Flux, Rejection Factor Concentration in Two-Component Crossflow Ultrafiltration

Ultrafiltration is a powerful method used in virtually every pharmaceutical bioprocess. Depending on the process stage, the product-to-impurity ratio differs. The impact of impurities on the process depends on various factors. Solely mechanistic models are currently not sufficient to entirely describe these complex interactions. We have established two hybrid models for predicting the flux evolution, the protein rejection factor and two components’ concentration during crossflow ultrafiltration. The hybrid models were compared to the standard mechanistic modeling approach based on the stagnant film theory. The hybrid models accurately predicted the flux and concentration over a wide range of process parameters and product-to-impurity ratios based on a minimum set of training experiments. 
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